UPSC Hydrologist Exam Pattern & Syllabus for paper 3 is given below
|S. No.||Name of Subject||Duration||Maximum Marks||Syllabus|
|1.||General English||3 Hours||100||Syllabus|
|2.||Geology Paper I||3 Hours||200||Syllabus|
|3.||Geology Paper II||3 Hours||300||Syllabus|
|4.||Hydrologist Paper III||3 Hours||300||Syllabus|
UPSC GE Hydrogeology Syllabus
Section A: Origin, occurrence, and distribution of water
Water on earth; Types of water — meteoric, juvenile, magmatic and sea water; Hydrological Cycle and its components; Water balance; Water-bearing properties of rocks — porosity, permeability, specific yield and specific retention; Vertical distribution of water; Zone of aeration and zone of saturation; Classification of rocks according to their water-bearing properties; Aquifers; Classification of aquifers; Concepts of drainage basins and groundwater basins; Aquifer parameters- transrnissivity and storage coefficient; Water table and piezometric surface; Fluctuations of water table and piezometric surface; Barometric and tidal efficiencies; Water table contour maps; Hydrographs; Springs; Geologic and geomorphic controls on groundwater; Hydrostratigraphic units;Groundwater provinces of India. Hydrogeology of arid zones of India; Hydrogeology of wetlands.
Section B: Groundwater Hydraulics
Theory of groundwater flow; Darcy’s law and its applications; Determination of permeability in the laboratory and in the field; Flow through aquifers; steady, unsteady and radial flow conditions; Evaluation of aquifer parameters of confined, semi-confined and unconfined aquifers -Thiem, Thies, Jacob and Walton’s methods; Groundwater Modeling.
Section C: Groundwater Exploration and Water Well Construction
Geologic and hydrogeologic methods of exploration; Role of remote sensing in groundwater exploration; Hydrogeomorphic and lineament ‘napping; Surface geophysical methods – seismic, gravity, geo-electrical and magnetic methods; Types of water wells and methods of construction; Design, development, maintenance and revitalization of wells; Sub-surface geophysical methods; Yield characteristics of wells; Pumping tests- methods, data analysis and interpretation
Section D: Groundwater Quality
Physical and chemical properties of water; Quality criteria for different uses; Graphical presentation of groundwater quality data; Groundwater quality in different provinces in India; Groundwater contamination; natural (geogenic) and anthropogenic contaminants; Saline water intrusion; Radioisotopes in hydrogeological studies.
Section E: Groundwater Management
Groundwater problems related to foundation work, mining, canals and tunnels; Over-exploitation of groundwater and groundwater mining; Groundwater problems in urban areas; Groundwater management in arid and semi-arid areas; Climate change impact on groundwater resources; Concept of sustainable development of groundwater resources; Groundwater management —supply side and demand side management; Rainwater harvesting and managed aquifer recharge; Conjunctive use of su•face and groundwater; Groundwater legislation.